Between privatization, deregulation and liberalization: The failures of energy market strategy in Kosovo and European Union benchmarks

There is a set of academic as well as policy–based arguments that assert that the privatization of publicly-governed assets is critically important for transition economies. The evidence suggests that market-oriented reforms, in many regards, require the involvement of private capital. In Kosovo, as in many European transition economies, privatization and market reforms in specific sectors are simultaneously conditioned by internal and external factors, namely, the market needs and EU standards-driven integration process. The energy market reforms comprise one of the most significant challenges. This said, EU member states’ electricity market has been fashioned according to the EU single electricity market principles of competition. That being said, in Kosovo, energy market reforms and privatization of energy assets should aim to attract private sector participation in the energy industry, to enhance the efficiency and quality of services, and should help shape a free and competitive market model.You can download this policy report by clicking here.

Dissimilar Patterns of (Mis)Using the Public Money: Trends and Practices of Public Procurement Management in Kosovar Municipalities

Good governance, as a modern concept, consists of numerous standards that are aimed at providing for a more democratic, transparent and socially responsive public governance.International organizations have consistently associated the degree of good governance with the capacity of a polity to push forward economic growth and development.2 Good governance, therefore, is a notion that seeks responsible governance not only at the central level but also at the local level. Many international reports have repeatedly argued that the local governments –as opposed to the central government – have quite a significant role in promoting the community and local economy development. Local governments, moreover, are naturally more linked to communities and people and thus could play a more vibrant role as to their overall development and progress. In this context, a key issue within the notion of good governance is the standards and behavior of local governments in the public procurement processes. Local procurement practices therefore constitute the key issue of social responsibility of local governments, as the way local governments behave towards the awarding of public contracts represents the extent of „good governance‟ that they exercise. The level of transparency and accountability of public tendering at the local level, therefore, exhibits the democratic degreeof a local administration and the level of adherence to legitimate governance.You can download this policy report by clicking here.

From Technical Arrangements to Political Haggling: The Kosovo-Serbia Dialogue and the North of Kosovo

For the first time since Kosovo declared independence in February 2008, Kosovo and Serbia began a direct dialogue in March 2011, under the facilitation and mediation of the European Union. The EU-facilitated dialogue between Kosovo and Serbia has sought technical solutions and agreements that promote neighbourly relations between Kosovo and Serbia and help normalize the situation in the northern Kosovo. Acting as a neutral mediator and leveraging the benefits of European integration (which is partly conditional upon maintaining a pro-European Belgrade), the EU hoped to help Kosovo and Serbia find lasting policy solutions for the multi-ethnic northern Kosovo and the relations between Kosovo and Serbia. However many challenges, both technical and political, have prevented the successful implementation of agreements that have been reached so far. Parallel structures and institutions in the north, ethnic tensions, and domestic pressures on politicians in both Belgrade and Prishtina have ignited conflict over the northern border and solution for the north that has inhibited the success of the dialogue thus far and has prevented the normalization of the situation in the northern Kosovo.You can download this policy report by clicking here.

For a Semi-Presidential Regime: Where is the New-Born Republic Heading?

As a state established under certain international supervisory conditions, Kosovo drafted its first state constitution in a process both straightforward and opaque. The parliamentarian political parties managed and owned the constitutional drafting process,starting immediately after the revelation of the Ahtisaari Settlement Proposal. This control kept this process essentially closed to public opinion and citizen participation,although, in late 2007 and 2008, the parties did organize a limited number of formal debates around Kosovo to discuss the choices. One can sum up this process as one wherein a politically headed commission supervised the constitutional drafting process in which it insisted upon the inclusion of certain partisan-favoured solutions in the newstate Constitution. The resulting Constitution created a consociational model of democracy for Kosovo—quite less rigid than that of Bosnia—and logically and substantially based on the Ahtisaarian prescriptions. Nevertheless, the constitutional status of the President of the Republic carries no value of consociation; instead, it falls well within the margins of intergrationism.You can download this policy report by clicking here.