Reviewing the normative compliance of the Draft Law on the prevention of Money Laundering with the EU Directive 2015/849 and FATF recommendations

Group for Legal and Political Studies has released a Policy Report entitled: ‘Reviewing the normative compliance of the Draft Law on the prevention of Money Laundering with the EU Directive 2015/849 and FATF recommendations’. The aim of this report is to provide a legal analysis of Kosovo’s anti money laundering (AML) and countering of terrorism financing (CTF) legislation, particularly the Draft Law on the Prevention of Money Laundering and Combating Terrorist Financing (Draft Law). This analysis will be made by comparing the Draft Law to international standards, primarily EU Directive 2015/849 (the Directive) and the recommendations by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF Recommendations). This report makes some general comments about the Draft Law, before moving onto analysing the law in relation to the EU Directive and FATF Recommendations and making recommendations on what needs to be improved in order to bring the law more in line with these standards. The provisions of the Draft Law that are not necessarily related to fulfilling the requirements of the Directive or FATF Recommendations will not always be considered, but should also be thoroughly checked by the drafters before the law is passed in parliament. To access the report, please click here.

 

Kosovo’s Accession to the WTO – An Assessment of Potential Costs and Benefits

The Group for Legal and Political Studies (GLPS) has recently published a Policy Analysis entitled: ‘Kosovo’s Accession to the WTO – An Assessment of Potential Costs and Benefits’. In this time of globalization, countries are increasingly interested in participating and further integrating in the global economic system in order to benefit from the intensified economic inter-connectivity. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an international organization responsible for regulating trade cooperation between nations and ensuring that free-trade rules and standards are put in place and are fully respected. According to the WTO agreement “any state or customs territory having full autonomy in the conduct of its trade policies is eligible to accede to the WTO on the terms agreed between it and WTO Members”. The Policy Analysis reflects and discusses the possible effects of Kosovo’s accession to the World Trade Organization, elaborating in detail the potential benefits that WTO may entail for Kosovo. The Analysis also reflects upon the potential costs of Kosovo’s accession to WTO and challenges during this process. Among other issues, it provides a set of policy recommendations which would result on greater advantages to the Kosovo market from the WTO accession. To access the Analysis, please click here.

 

The Serbian Media and the Dialogue: Has there been an evolution in how Serbian media perceive Kosovo?

This report examines the attitudes of the Serbian media towards Kosovo and how those attitudes have changed as the dialogue has progressed. Changes would indicate that the dialogue has changed either how the Serbian media thinks or how they perceive changes in their audience’s opinion. While this report will not examine this question, it is an important issue to keep in mind. In either case, it would show that the dialogue has caused a change in how the Serbian media views Kosovo and a resolution of the conflict between Kosovo and Serbia. If this is true, it could be a leading indicator of shifting public opinion within Serbia where a realistic and permanent resolution and reconciliation between the two states could take place.To study the Serbian media’s attitudes towards Kosovo, three news providers were chosen: the online B92 service, BETA news agency and the state-run Tanjug news agency. To access the Analysis, please click here.

Crimea is not Kosovo: Seven Arguments against a False Comparison

The events in Crimea have brought the legality of Kosovo’s declaration of independence back into focus. Russia has played a double game with Kosovo, saying that Western intervention in Kosovo and the state’s independence were illegal, but justifying the occupation and annexation of Crimea by citing Kosovo as a precedent.This policy note rejects the cooptation of intervention in Kosovo and Kosovo’s declaration of independence to legitimate a state taking territory from another. Starting from the cause of intervention and finishing with the act of changing borders, it details seven important differences between Kosovo and Crimea that debunk comparisons before discussing what the referendum means for Kosovo. Crimea’s most obvious danger is that it brings back the debate over Kosovo as a precedent. While this policy note has pointed out why Kosovo is not an applicable precedent for Crimea, Russia and Crimea’s use of Kosovo as a precedent may inflame the fears of those states that do not recognize Kosovo and believe it set a precedent for regions to secede unilaterally. This could delay potential future recognitions. To access the Policy Note, please click here.

 

Western Balkans and its EU Integration: 2015 Comparative Overview

The report has used a comparative approach and was conducted in Albania, Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. The report entitled: ‘The Western Balkans and its EU Integration: Independent Analysis and Follow up of EC Country Reports on Western Balkans countries’ serves as a first attempt to provide a comprehensive analysis of the EU integration efforts of the Western Balkan. This analysis revealed that, at the political level, the progress of Kosovo was slightly above the regional average, however it achieved the lowest score in the region concerning the level of preparedness in this area. On the economic level, Kosovo had one of the lowest levels of progress and also one of the lowest levels of preparedness. Similarly, concerning the ability to take up membership obligations, the progress of Kosovo was one of the lowest in the region, while the level of preparedness was the second lowest, considerably below the regional average. To access the report, please click here.

To access the infographics, please click here.

Panic Selling – Assessing the main challenges and deficiencies of Kosovo’s Privatization Process

The Policy Analysis entitled Panic Selling: Assessing the Main Challenges and Deficiencies of Kosovo’s Privatization Process’, provides an overview of the main challenges and problems encountered during the privatization process in Kosovo. More precisely, it highlights problems such as institutional dualism, ownership disputes, and methods of privatization, the negative impact on employment, highly under-priced sale of SOEs, corruption, undervalued agricultural land, non-utilization of privatization funds, and the exclusion of citizens from the privatization process.To access the Analysis, please click here.